Effect of Estrogen plus Progestin on Quality of Life

In the recently published analysis of the effects of estrogen plus progestin on health-related quality of life (QOL) in the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI), the authors concluded that this therapy did not have a clinically meaningful effect.1 However, caution is warranted in interpreting the findings of this analysis. The study design has several limitations that […]

Hormone Therapy and Osteoporosis

The effects of estrogen deficiency on the skeletal system have been clearly established for more than 60 years. The molecular mechanisms accounting for estrogen-related bone loss have been known for a decade or longer, and the benefits of estrogen on the skeleton have been recognized for half a century. The adverse consequences of estrogen depletion […]

Hormones and Postmenopausal Health

Menopause-related estrogen loss is associated with symptoms that can have a negative impact on a woman’s sense of well-being and her daily activities. In addition, menopausal women are at an increased risk for developing osteoporosis. Therefore, for some menopausal women, hormone therapy (HT, administered as either unopposed estrogen or estrogen plus progestin) may be a […]